“In order to approach a creation as sublime as the Bhagavad-Gita with full understanding it is necessary to attune our soul to it”. – Rudolf Steiner(Austrian Philosopher)
Srimad Bhagvad Geeta, the auspicious epitome of consciousness and the most sacred work in Hinduism is a collection of ‘Shloks‘ or the verses conveyed by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the battlefield of Mahabharata. These verses teach us the path of a Karamyogi. Lord Krishna showed Arjuna the right direction through these verses, when Arjuna was feeling unable to fight. Lord Krishna had to show him the importance of action and inaction. Each verse from the Srimad Bhagvad Geeta opens a new level of human consciousness and understanding. It fosters us to follow the path of duty and righteousness.
We have selected a few of those verses and interpreted them in normal language for our readers. These verses direct us towards the ideal way of leading our life.
कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥
Karmanye vadhikaraste ma phaleshu kadachana,
Ma karmaphalaheturbhurma te sangostvakarmani.
Meaning – It’s mandatory for you to perform your prescribed duty or the karma, but you are not entitled to the fruits of your actions. Never consider yourself the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty. You should perform your duty irrespective of any relation, circumstance or event.
We should imbibe this verse into our life’s philosophy. Results of an action performed by us should never become our motive. Our only obligation is to do the task in our hands with pure honesty and dedication. The results attached to any action we perform should not distract us.
वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय
नवानि गृह्णाति नरोऽपराणि ।
तथा शरीराणि विहाय जीर्णा-
न्यन्यानि संयाति नवानि देही ।।
Vasamsi jirnani yatha vihaya,
Navani grhnati naro ‘parani
Tatha sarirani vihaya jirnany,
Anyani samyati navani dehi.
Meaning – As a person gives up his old clothes for new ones, likewise, the soul also gives up old bodies for new ones. As a child is born, after some years it becomes an adult and then after some more years it becomes old and eventually dies. This is the cycle of nature. Death is inevitable and the greatest truth of life. After our death, our body is cremated, but the soul gets transferred from one body to another. Because the soul is immortal.
This verse shows us that we must not get stuck with the material attractions. Everything and everyone on this world would perish one day. Nothing will last forever. All the wealth, treasures and material goods we gather throughout the life would not accompany us after death. We must always keep this fact in our mind to destroy our ego and fake pride.
पार्थ नैवेह नामुत्र विनाशस्तस्य विद्यते |
न हि कल्याणकृत्कश्चिद् दुर्गतिं तात गच्छति ||
Parth naiveh namutra vinashas-tasya vidyate,
Na hi kalyan-krit-kashchit-durgatim taat gachchati.
Meaning – The person who follows the path of righteousness, never faces any trouble. As, Prahalad was a devotee of Lord Vishnu and followed the path of righteousness, no evil deed could harm him as he was always protected by the Lord Vishnu himself.
Similarly, when we perform our duty with full dedication and commitment, a positive frame of mind develops inside us and which acts as a shield and saves us from misdemeanor, mistakes and misfortune.
यस्त्विन्द्रियाणि मनसा नियम्यारभतेऽर्जुन।
कर्मेन्द्रियैः कर्मयोगमसक्तः स विशिष्यते॥
Yastvindriyani manasa niyamyarabhate’rjun,
Karmendriyaih karmayogamasaktah sa visisyate.
The person who has gained control over the senses by his mind, performs his Karma without any attachment, such a person is bound to excel and considered supreme above the others.
Performing our assigned task without any attachment and without falling to our senses is very difficult. But the person who overcomes all odds to conquer his mind can never be defeated in life. Our senses respond to external conditions like heat, cold, pain, sorrow, happiness, etc. very quickly and our mind is distracted by that. But if we can control our body’s reaction to the external conditions, our mind would be free to focus on a single task.
यो न ह्यष्यति न द्वेष्टि न शोचति न कांक्षति।
शुभाशुभपरित्यागी भक्तिमान्यः स मे प्रियः।।
Yo na hrushayati na dweshte na shochit na kakshati,
Shubhashubparityagi bhakti manyah sa me piyah.
Meaning – He who neither rejoices nor hates , nor grieves , nor desires , and who renounces both good and evil actions and is full of devotion , is dear to the god.
A person who always remains grounded and free of any ego, temptations and worldly desires is always helped by the God. Because such a person would perform his duties with complete honesty and devotion and his mind would never get distracted from any material attraction. Material desires pollute our intellect and thinking power.
तेजः क्षमा धृतिः शौचमद्रोहो नातिमानिता।
भवन्ति सम्पदं दैवीमभिजातस्य भारत।।
दम्भो दर्पोऽभिमानश्च क्रोधः पारुष्यमेव च।
अज्ञानं चाभिजातस्य पार्थ सम्पदमासुरीम्।।
Tejah ksama dhrtih saucamadroho natimanita,
Bhavanti sampadam daivimabhijatasya bharata.
dambho darpo’bhimanasca krodhah parusyameva ca,
ajnanam cabhijatasya partha sampadamasurim.
Meaning – Vigor, forgiveness, fortitude, purity, absence of hatred and the absence of pride – these qualities belong to a person who is divine in nature. This means that such a person would always be progressive and noble in his life. Whereas pride, arrogance, excessive self-esteem, wrath, harshness and ignorance are the traits of a person who is evil in nature. These traits lead to the downfall of a man. Such a person would end up being a negative thinker.
This verse conveys us that we must expel any negative traits in us and follow the path of humility and humbleness. Only then we can be at peace with ourselves and perform our duties with full energy and dedication.
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